Civil War

M1861 Springfield Musket

M1861

The model 1861 Springfield rifled musket was the principle firearm of the Civil War. At the end of 1863 most Federal infantrymen were armed with either this musket or the Enfield. The 1861 Springfield came in .58 Cal as was the standard caliber for most rifled muskets during the Civil War.


M1853 Enfield

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The P1853 Enfield Musket was considered the apex European military gun of the time and was manufactured from 1854 to 1867. The Enfield was introduced by the British War Department after several studies to improve the calibers and the dimensions of the previous models. However, it kept the same general appearance of the earlier pattern 1851. Hundreds of thousands were sold to both sides in the US Civil War. The overwhelming majority of P53 Enfields were made by commercial gun makers in Birmingham and London under contract.


M1842 Springfield

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Both the Harpers Ferry and Springfield Armories produced the Model 1842 U.S. Percussion Musket in great numbers from 1844 to 1855. This reproduction is true to the original measurements with a 42 barrel and a total length of 58 inches. The Model 1842 was notable in several aspects, mainly that it was the .69 caliber musket. Additionally, it was the first weapon made at both the Harpers Ferry and Springfield Armory with completely interchangeable parts. Harpers Ferry produced 103,000 while Springfield produced 172,000 for a total production surpassing a quarter of a million arms.


U.S. Model 1842 Springfield Musket, .69 Caliber

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Both the Harpers Ferry and Springfield Armories produced the Model 1842 U.S. Percussion Musket from 1844 to 1855. Harpers Ferry produced 103,000 while Springfield produced 172,000 for a total production surpassing a quarter of a million arms. Originally a .69cal smoothbore musket, starting in the 1850s M1842s were returned to the armories and rifled and had a long-range sight added. Reproductions are made by ArmiSport and Pedersoli in .69cal. NSSA approved.U.S. Model 1841 “Mississippi” Musket, .54 & .58 Caliber


U.S. Model 1841 “Mississippi” Musket, .54 & .58 Caliber

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The Mississippi U.S. Model 1841 .58-Cal. Percussion Rifle was the first percussion ignition long gun ordered by the U.S. military to replace obsolete flintlock firearms. Approximately 70,000 Mississippi muskets were produced from 1846 to 1855. Originally produced in .54cal, Mississippis were rebored to accept the .58cal Minie Ball in 1855. Reproductions are made by Pedersoli; however, some EuroArms models are still in use. NSSA approved.


U.S. Model 1855 Springfield Musket, .58 Caliber

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The model 1855 Springfield rifled musket was the first ‘modern’ American-made rifled musket available for use to Union and Confederate troops at the beginning for the Civil War, with approximately 60,000 produced before the M1861 was introduced. The M1855 utilized the Maynard tape priming system, an effort by the U.S. Government to improve the percussion cap system; however it proved to be unreliable. The Springfield musket was made in both two and three-band configurations in .58 caliber. Reproductions are made by both Pedersoli & ArmiSport and typically feature a non-functional tape priming system. NSSA approved.


U.S. Model 1861 Springfield Musket, .58 Caliber

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The model 1861 Springfield rifled musket was the principle firearm of the Civil War, with over 1,000,000 muskets produced by the end of the war. At the end of 1863 most Federal infantrymen were armed with either this musket or the Enfield. The Springfield musket was only made in the three-band configuration above in .58 caliber. Reproductions are made by both Pedersoli & ArmiSport; however, some EuroArms models are still in use. NSSA approved.


English Pattern 1853 3-Band Enfield Musket, .577 & .58 Caliber

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The 1853 3-Band Enfield Musket saw service by both the Northern and Southern troops during the Civil War and was used by the British Empire from 1853 to 1867. During the war, approximately 600,000 Enfield muskets were imported for use by troops. The Enfield musket was made in both .577 and .58 calibers. Reproductions are made by both Pedersoli & ArmiSport; however, some EuroArms models are still in use. NSSA approved.


Muster 1854 Austrian Lorenz Type II Musket, .58 Caliber

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The Austrian Model 1854 “Lorenz” Rifle-Musket was a favorite European longarm of both the North and the South as it was the third largest type of musket in use during the war. 226,924 such arms were imported to the Union, who rebored the caliber to .58 while 100,000 muskets (all .54 cal) went to the Confederacy. Developed by the Austrian army to replace their older infantry muskets, the accepted design in 1854 utilized an advanced percussion ignition system by Josef Lorenz, a Viennese gunsmith. Reproductions are made by Pedersoli. NSSA approved.


1862 C.S. Richmond Type II Musket, .58 Caliber

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The Richmond & Fayetteville Muskets were derived from the M1855 Springfield, sans the Maynard Tape System, after the arsenals machinery was removed from Harpers Ferry. Manufactured by the Richmond & Fayetteville Armories from late-1861 to 1865, the musket was noted for its accuracy and produced in larger numbers than all other Confederate long arms manufactured during the Civil War, for a total of 31,000 rifles, 5,400 carbines and 1,350 short rifles. Reproductions are made by ArmiSport & Pedersoli; however, some EuroArms models are still in use. NSSA approved.


Cook & Brother Artillery Carbine, .58 Caliber

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The Cook & Brother Artillery Carbine Percussion Carbine was originally made by Ferdinand and Francis Cook. The Cook firm produced exceptionally well-made weapons patterned after English Enfield types. From 1861 to 1862 the firm was located at New Orleans, Louisiana, but was forced to leave with the approach of Northern troops. In 1863 the firm settled in Athens, Georgia, where it continued to manufacture firearms, totaling just over 1,500 examples made during the war. Reproductions are only made by Pedersoli. NSSA approved.


U.S. M1859 Sharps Infantry/Berdan Rifle, .54 Caliber

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The 1859 – 1863 models were used widely in the Civil War and renowned for long-range accuracy. This rifle was used by the U.S. Navy, various infantry units and were privately obtained by some members of the famed US Sharpshooters. Approximately 6,700 were manufactured. Reproductions are made by both Pedersoli & ArmiSport. NSSA approved.


U.S. Model 1859 Sharps Cavalry Carbine, .54 Caliber

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The 1859 Sharps Carbine was extremely popular with both the Union and Confederate Cavalry and was issued in much larger numbers that other carbines in production. During the war almost 90,000 examples were produced. Reproductions are made by Pedersoli & ArmiSport. NSSA approved.

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